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We invite you to participate in a research study.  The purpose of this research study is to explore how LGB identity development influences the career decision-making self-efficacy of LGB college students.


We are inviting you to be in this study because you are sexual minority college students currently enrolled at higher education institution in the United States. We have reached out to you through your Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer Resource center at your university and listserv. Approximately 300 people will take part in this study at the different universities in the United States.


If you agree to participate, we would like you to ask questions in terms of sexual identity development (i.e., “I prefer to keep my same-sex romantic relationships rather private”), career decision-making self-efficacy (i.e., “Find information in the library or on the Internet about occupations you are interested in”), self-compassion (i.e., “I try to be loving towards myself when I’m feeling emotional pain”), and perceived social support (i.e., My family really tries to help me”). If you agree to take part in this study, your involvement will last for minutes for the survey. During this step, you will be invited to give any active feedback to investigators. If you do not want to participate, close this window at any time. You are free not to answer any questions you would prefer not to answer.


Your answers will remain anonymous. There are no known risks from being in this study, and you will not benefit personally. However, we hope that others may benefit in the future from what we learn as a result of this study. 


You have the opportunity to enter in a drawing for winning one of ten gift cards worth $20 to by providing email address at the end of survey. If you are not interested, you can skip the part. Email addresses will be stored in a separate database from survey responses. There are no costs to participation. This study will take approximately 30 minutes of your time.


Taking part in this research study is completely voluntary.  If you decide not to be in this study, or if you stop participating at any time, you won’t be penalized or lose any benefits for which you otherwise qualify. 


If you have any questions about the research study itself, please contact Hansori Jang/ N351 Lindquist Center, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242/ 319-512-1105.  If you experience a research-related injury, please contact: Carol Smith, 319-335-5282. If you have questions about the rights of research subjects, please contact the Human Subjects Office, 105 Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, 600 Newton Rd, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA  52242-1098, (319) 335-6564, or e-mail To offer input about your experiences as a research subject or to speak to someone other than the research staff, call the Human Subjects Office at the number above.



Hansori Jang

Doctoral Candidate